Articles


A Pastime in Peril?

Mounting evidence has suggested a linkage between American football and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Recently, a study examining the deaths of 111 National Football League (NFL) players found an overwhelming 110 CTE cases. CTE is…


Shining a Light on the Opioid Crisis

Both natural and synthetic opioid drugs have been used as a popular therapy for chronic pain throughout history. However, their role as effective analgesics has been tainted by the potential for addiction, increased physical dependence,…






Multiple Sclerosis

Introduction Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, demyelinating, neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). It is the most common cause of non-traumatic neurological damage among young adults, affecting approximately 0.24% of the North…


PCSK9 Inhibitors For Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder that causes abnormally high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), a risk factor for early onset cardiovascular diseases such as stroke or heart attack. FH is often caused…


Parallels in Societal Evolution Between Microbes and Humans

In September of 2016, Mo et al. published an article in Science entitled “Spatiotemporal Microbial Evolution on Antibiotic Landscapes”. This landmark article describes a novel system for studying bacterial evolution. The findings elucidate the importance…